Kasbah Ait Ouzza, in Boumalne.
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3rd step: from Dadès valley to Tinghir

Map between Dades and Todra

The road runs between Boumalne Dadès and Tinghir by an absolutely desert country, whose aridity is interrupted only in two points: Imider and Timadrouine. In the first one we will discover no less than seven Kasbahs, mostly dating from the early twentieth century. Undoubtedly the most remarkable for its size and its exterior ornamentation is the Kasbah of Mohadach Ou El Haj (31º 22.215’ N - 5º 47.286’ W), the same personality who later built another Kasbah in Ighrem Melloul, in the Dadès valley. The Kasbah of Ouchtouban is also great and picturesque, placed in the middle of the fields. The one named Tin Jamaia (31º 22.334’ N - 5º 47.499’ W) has been restored by the Council. The other are less important. We’ll mention one of them in the page "To buy a Kasbah".

Kasba en Imider, cerca de Tinerhir, sur de Marruecos.
Kasbah of Mohadach Ou El Haj in Imider

To stay in Todra valley...

Hotel Tomboctou, Tinghir

Hotel Tomboctou, Tinghir

16 comfortable rooms into an old earthen Kasbah

Phone: 00212-524834604 / 524835191



In Tinghir there are many Kasbahs and an old Ksar (31º 31.170’ N - 5º 31.662’ W) still inhabited. It had lost its wall and the six monumental gates it had in the origin, but it is being restored from 2013. Many people names it "the Jewish quarter" because some Jews lived there formerly. Among the Kasbahs stands out the Kasbah of El Glaoui (31º 02.824’ N - 7º 07.773’ W), built in 1919 on a hill and enormous, although it is in a very bad state of conservation.

Kasbah in Tinghir
Kasbah of El Glaoui in Tinghir

On the contrary, the Kasbah of Cheikh Bassou (31º 30.917’ N - 5º 32.030’ W) has been completely restored and transformed into a hotel. It is characterized by a courtyard surrounded by pillars and arches. You can visit it with a drink in the bar or restaurant. Inside are also presented some art exhibitions.

The Kasbah of Cheikh Bassou in Tinghir The Kasbah of Cheikh Bassou in Tinghir.
The Kasbah of Cheikh Bassou in Tinghir
Courtyard of the Kasbah
Exhibition in Hotel Tomboctou
African art exhibition

Near Tinghir, the mosque Ikelane (31º 31.683’ N - 5º 31.466’ W) is one of the must-see sights within the route of the thousand Kasbahs. It is placed inside the Ksar Afanour and it is being restored from 2007 by the Development Afanour Association with financial help from Hotel Tomboctou and from a group of Catalan architects.

Mosque Ikelane

Besides mosque, it served as a madrasa and a Koranic school, where the future teachers of Koran for the region were formed.

Its structure and its interior decoration are unique in Morocco and from its roof you get a spectacular view on the palm-grove of Todra.

Opening time: from 8,30 AM to 12 and from 3 PM to the sunset.
In low season it is usually closed, but you can call the guard to the phone number 0659907518.

More information

Todra valley

Around Tinghir extends one of the most beautiful and green valleys of southern Morocco, where palm trees appear again. There are lots of Kasbahs and more than 50 Ksour. We’ll mention just the more interesting ones.

Todra valley map

North from Tinghir, the road going to the Todra gorges offers very nice views on the palm-grove and many Ksour, as the Ksar Aït Boujane, where everybody makes a photo, or the Ksar Asfalou (31º 32.674’ N - 5º 33.447’ W), that impresses by its location at the edge of a cliff, or the very big Ksar Aït Senan (31º 33.108’ N - 5º 34.500’ W). Nearly all these Ksour are in ruins. We can arrive in a pleasant pedestrian tour into the oasis, or by a secondary road of 4 km which runs along the left bank of the river.

Ksar Asfalou
Ksar Asfalou

There are also some Kasbahs, best conserved than the Ksour. We must mention among them the Ali Dani’s Kasbah in Aït Zilal (31º 32.470’ N - 5º 33.226’ W). Nevertheless, it’s not more beautiful than the Kasbahs we have seen in the Ounila, Mgoun and Dadès valleys; in fact, these are the last Kasbahs we’ll find in this journey eastward, because from here all the traditional architecture consists in Ksour.

Finally, the shrines are also very abundant in the Todra valley and some of them are very picturesque.

Kasbah in Ait Zilal
Ali Dani’s Kasbah in Aït Zilal
Shrine in Todra valley
Shrine in Aït Zilal

Tizgui (31º 34.561’ N - 5º 35.121’ W) is the last Ksar before the Todra gorges and it’s one of the best conserved, although not very big. Inside, an old house has been transformed into a museum (fee: 50 DH).

Ksar Taghzoute.
Gate of the Ksar Taghzoute

East from Tinghir, the palm-grove extends 15 km more on the plain, also full of Kasbahs and Ksour. Many roads allow crossing it by bike or by car.
One of the most famous Ksour was El Hart n’Iaamine, but it has been completely destroyed. Not far from there we find the small Ksar Taghia n’Ilamchane, where was born the leader of the Aït Atta, Assou Ou Bassalam, hero of the resistance against the protectorate in the early twentieth century.
The Ksar Taghzoute draws attention mainly by the rich adobe decoration of its two monumental entrances. Near Taghzoute takes place every Thursday a large rural market.

A path that begins a little beyond this market will lead us to the Kasbah Aït Amou (31º 26.833’ N - 5º 25.901’ W), impressive but uninhabited. In the other bank of the river we find the small Ksar Tadafalt (31º 26.471’ N, 5º 25.651’ W), surrounded by a lush palm-grove. We’ll obtain its best image from the top of the hill where stands a watchtower. One of the last Ksour in this area is Agoudim n’Aït Yazza, built around 1880 and still well conserved although being abandoned. It has a very regular structure, very different from older Ksour as Tinghir.

Kasba Ait Amou en el valle del Todra, sur de Marruecos
Kasbah Aït Amou
Ksar Tadafalt en el valle del Todra, sur de Marruecos
Ksar Tadafalt ad its watchtower

Contact with the author: E-mail of Roger Mimó.

© Roger Mimó

Step 2. Steps list Step 4.

Biografía de Roger Mimó What is a Kasbah? To stay in a Kasbah. Comprarse una kasba. Libros de Roger Mimó.
Obras de la familia de Roger Mimó Montañas de Marruecos. Inventaire des kasbahs Tinghir and the Todra valley El viaje de Alí Bey.